Discover the Best Things to Do in Luxembourg City

Last Updated on 01/06/2024 by secretmoona

Luxembourg City, the heart of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a charming cultural hub located at the crossroads of Europe, nestled between Belgium, Germany, and France. The city seamlessly blends historical richness with modern sophistication, making it a top destination for a cultural holiday. If you’re planning to visit this small country, whether for a day trip or a weekend, here is our guide to the best things to do in Luxembourg City, featuring unmissable attractions and places to see in the capital.

Street view of Luxembourg City

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Luxembourg City: A Destination in a Few Words

Luxembourg City is a fusion of three cultures. While strolling through the streets, you’ll notice its blend of architecture and gastronomy from neighbouring countries.

During my trip, I only visited Luxembourg City. Despite the weather not being great at the start of the day, the trip did not disappoint. Luxembourg City is cosmopolitan, dynamic, and lively, boasting exceptional historical and natural heritage that is still a secret waiting to be discovered.

Street art in Luxembourg City

Best Things to Do in Luxembourg City’s Upper Town: The Old Town Centre

Located just minutes from the Central Station, the Ville Haute district, also known as the Upper Town, is a good place to start your exploration of Luxembourg City. This area is the commercial and cultural hub of Luxembourg City and a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Wandering the quaint streets in the Ville Haute district allows you to explore the city’s history through its historic sights and monuments. You can admire sophisticated modern buildings, classic villas with a majestic appearance, and bourgeois houses with magnificent architecture. Here are the top things to do in Luxembourg City’s Upper Town:

Wander Through the Historic Streets

Explore the old town’s charming streets, where you can admire a blend of modern buildings, classic villas, and bourgeois houses with magnificent architecture. The pedestrian shopping streets offer a variety of stores, from high-end to high-street brands.

Stroll the Corniche Path

View from the Corniche Path, Luxembourg City
View from the Corniche Path

Stroll along the Corniche Path, often referred to as “Europe’s most beautiful balcony.” This walkway offers stunning views of the Grund district below, the Bock Casemates, the Rham Plateau, the Neumünster Abbey, and the Wenzel and Vauban circuits. Taking a leisurely stroll along the Corniche path is one of the top activities to do in Luxembourg City. You can take in the picturesque view of the roofs and facades of the houses and buildings in the Grund district. This is a must-see during your visit to Luxembourg.

Visit the Adolphe Bridge

Pont Adolphe Bridge by Sergey Novikov
Credit: Sergey Novikov

The Pont Adolphe, built between 1900 and 1903, is a picturesque bridge with double arches 42 meters high. It provides breathtaking views of the Pétrusse valley and is a must-see in Luxembourg City. Pedestrians can cross the bridge either at the top or via the suspended walkway.

Before crossing the Adolphe Bridge, be sure to visit the impressive Neo-Renaissance-style building on Place de Metz. This building houses a bank and is worth a visit.

Visit Gëlle Fra, the Golden Lady

Gëlle Fra, the Golden Lady

One of the must-see attractions in Luxembourg City is the Golden Lady, also known as Gëlle Fra or the Monument of Remembrance. This 3-meter statue, located on Constitution Square, symbolises the freedom and resistance of the people of Luxembourg. Unveiled in 1923, the statue stands on a tall obelisk and was built to honour the soldiers who lost their lives during World War I. Unfortunately, the statue was damaged by German soldiers in 1940, causing the head to go missing. It was later restored in 1984 after the head was recovered. Due to its historical significance, Gëlle Fra is one of the most famous landmarks in the country.

Don’t forget to take in the stunning views of the valley and Pont Adolphe behind the statue.

Explore the Grand Ducal Palace

The Grand Ducal Palace is a 16th-century Renaissance-style building that serves as the official residence and office of the Grand Duke. Guided tours of the palace’s interior and ceremonial rooms are available during the summer; check dates with the Luxembourg City Tourist Office. Unfortunately, I couldn’t visit the palace as it is only open from mid-July to early September. However, the beautiful facade, showcasing Flemish Renaissance style, is worth admiring. The palace is guarded by the castle guard service, who are happy to pose with tourists. Additionally, a changing of the guards takes place once a month, making it a must-see in Luxembourg.

The Fish Market and Medieval District

Things to do in Luxembourg City - Explore Medieval district
Charming Fish Market District

The Fish Market is located in the historical centre of the old town, which used to be the hub of the city’s markets. The buildings surrounding the square, including the National Museum of History and Art, hold great significance. Walking through the streets around the fish market square feels like stepping back into medieval times. The unique architecture sets it apart from the rest of the upper town, giving it the ambience of a small village within a city.

Discover the National Museum of History and Art

Visiting the National Museum of History and Art (MNHA) is one of the top things to do in Luxembourg City. Situated in the Fish Market area, this museum houses an extensive collection that spans from prehistoric times to the modern era, showcasing Luxembourg’s history and cultural heritage. The exhibits include ancient Roman relics, medieval art, and contemporary furniture and paintings.

Relax at Place d’Armes and Place Guillaume II

Things to do in Luxembourg City: Relax at Place Guillaume II
Place Guillaume II

The city’s main squares are Place d’Armes and Place Guillaume II. Place Guillaume II features a large statue of the Grand Duke on horseback, the town hall, the tourist office, and the city’s twice-weekly flowers and produce market. Place d’Armes is a very pleasant square with café and restaurant terraces. Both squares are great places to enjoy the sun and have a drink or a good meal in the summer. In winter, they become the main hubs for the Christmas markets.

Best Things to Do in Luxembourg City’s Lower Town: The Picturesque Side

The lower town, including the Grund district, is one of the oldest and most picturesque areas of Luxembourg City. This district is crossed by two rivers: the Pétrusse and the Alzette. You can enjoy lovely riverside walks here and treat yourself to a nature break away from the bustle of the upper town. Here are the top things to do in Luxembourg City’s lower town:

Wander Through the Grund District

Things to do in Luxembourg City - Explore the Grund district

Take a leisurely stroll in the Grund district in the Pétrusse valley. This area offers stunning views, quaint stone houses, and a serene riverside ambience with scenic walks.

Lose yourself in the cobbled streets before having a drink on the terrace of one of the several bars and restaurants. This district feels like a quiet and peaceful little village, but I’m sure it gets livelier in the evening with all the bars and restaurants.

Visit Neumünster Abbey

Things to do in Luxembourg City: Visit Neumünster Abbey
Casemates Bock facing the Neumünster Abbey

Neumünster Abbey, originally built in 1547, has undergone several transformations. It was used as a military hospital and later served as a prison for men until the 1970s. Today, it has been repurposed as a cultural venue that hosts concerts, exhibitions, and seminars. Visitors can explore the cloister and wander around the courtyard for free.

Discover Modern Art at MUDAM

The Museum of Modern Art (MUDAM) is a prominent institution of contemporary culture in Luxembourg City. It houses a collection of works by emerging and world-renowned artists and organises numerous temporary exhibitions.

See the Casemates Bock

Things to do in Luxembourg City: Casemates Bock
Casemates Bock (tunnel)

The Casemates Bock is a UNESCO World Heritage Site consisting of a series of tunnels carved into the rock beneath the city’s ancient castle. Built in 1644 by the Spanish to protect the city from invasions, the fortifications were later expanded by French military engineer Vauban before coming under the control of the Austrians in the 18th century. The tunnels were used as soldiers’ barracks and for storing artillery and also served as bomb shelters during World War II. You can explore part of the 20-kilometre tunnel network through guided tours.

Take the Pfaffenthal Elevator

Things to do in Luxembourg City: Take the Pfaffenthal Elevator

For a quick and photogenic way to reach the lower part of the town, take the Pfaffenthal elevator, located in Pescatore Park. This glass lift offers breathtaking views of the valley and is available from 5:45 a.m. until 1:00 a.m.

Take the “Wenzel” and “Vauban” Circular Walks 

Luxembourg City offers guided tours for visitors who want to explore the city from a local perspective. You can book a tour at the Tourist Office or online. Two popular walks are the Wenzel Circular Walk and the Vauban Circular Walk.

Wenzel Circular Walk:

The Wenzel Circular Walk takes you through 1,000 years of Luxembourg City’s history. It is named after Wenceslas II, the Duke of Luxembourg from 1383 to 1419. The route starts at the castle ruins, goes along the corniche, passes the fortress remains, and takes you to important sites such as the Bock Promontory, the Castle Bridge, and the Corniche.

Vauban Circular Walk:

The Vauban Circular Walk is named after the military engineer Sébastien le Prestre de Vauban (1633-1707), who transformed Luxembourg into one of Europe’s fortresses. You can join a guided tour or take a self-guided tour. During your visit, make sure to admire the well-preserved Vauban Towers.

Banks of the Alzette River - Luxembourg City
Banks of the Alzette River

Additional Highlights

Relax in City Parks and Gardens:

Luxembourg City boasts beautiful parks and gardens, such as Parc de Merl and Edith Klein Park, perfect for leisurely walks and relaxation.

Walk Along the Banks of the Alzette River:

Enjoy a refreshing walk along the Alzette River, which has several footbridges.

Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg:

The building was originally a church constructed by the Jesuits in 1613. It was later converted into the Notre Dame de Luxembourg Cathedral in 1870. It is worth a visit to see the tapestries and stained glass windows.

Where to Eat in Luxembourg City

Luxembourg City offers a diverse food scene, from traditional Luxembourgish cuisine to international delights. Here are some top places to eat:

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The Best Hotels in Luxembourg City

When choosing accommodation in Luxembourg City, use these hotel comparison websites to find options that suit your needs.

Whether you’re visiting Luxembourg City for a day or a weekend, this guide to the best things to do in Luxembourg City will ensure you make the most of your trip. From historical sites to modern attractions, Luxembourg City offers a unique blend of cultural experiences that will charm you.

Practical Information About Luxembourg City

Map of Luxembourg City

To help you explore all the attractions mentioned in this guide, here is an introductory map of Luxembourg City that details the best things to do. This map includes key landmarks such as the Grand Ducal Palace, the Corniche, the Grund district, and more, to ensure that you make the most of your visit.

How to Get to Luxembourg City

By Train:

Luxembourg City is well-connected to other European cities such as Paris, Strasbourg, Metz, Cologne, Brussels, Liège, and Basel. The TGV from Paris Gare de l’Est to Luxembourg City takes 2 hours and 10 minutes.

By Car:

You can reach the capital city by car via highways A1, A13, A3, A4, A6, and A7. Note that parking in Luxembourg City is quite expensive, especially in the city centre.

Cheap Car Rental 320x50

By Air:

Major nearby airports include Frankfurt, Metz-Nancy, and Charleroi. Luxembourg-Findel Airport is also available, offering limited but convenient flight options.

Getting Around Luxembourg City

Luxembourg City is small and easy to explore on foot. A unique and environmentally friendly feature of Luxembourg is that public transport within the country is free. This makes it easy to travel by bus or tram without having to buy tickets.

Travel Tips and Resources

Here are some of my favourite travel tips and resources.

  • Flights: I’m all about snapping the best deals when it comes to booking flights. Therefore, I use Google Flights and Skyscanner to get the best deals each time. I use AirHelp to receive compensation for delayed and cancelled flights.
  • Trains: I love using Trainline to book trains within Europe.
  • Accommodations: and Agoda are my favourite sites for great hotels and private home deals. They both offer a wide range of hotels, including luxury accommodations and private homes.
  • Car Rentals: When it comes to travelling to remote destinations, renting a car is ideal, for these, I love renting cars through Discover Cars. They offer some great options for affordable rentals, and their customer service is one the best.
  • Tours and Experiences: Visiting a new place also means getting to experience and do many things. I usually book tours via GetYourGuide, Tiqets, or TripAdvisor. If you like doing things solo, WeGoTrip offers audio tours and excursions.
  • Travel Insurance: It is not recommended to travel without proper travel insurance. I always travel with one. Use VisitorsCoverage to compare and get the best travel insurance policy for you.

FAQs on Things to Do in Luxembourg City

What is Luxembourg known for?

Luxembourg is famous for being the second richest country in the world and a popular UNESCO World Heritage site. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four institutional seats of the European Union.

Is Luxembourg City worth visiting?

Absolutely! Despite being one of the smallest countries in Europe, Luxembourg has a lot to offer in terms of tourist attractions, rich culture, and amazing food and drinks. It is an ideal destination for a day trip, a weekend getaway, or a longer road trip across Europe.

How many days do you need in Luxembourg City?

You can visit all the main tourist attractions in Luxembourg City in 2 days. However, extending your stay to explore nearby cities and regions can enhance your trip.

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Luxembourg City Planned Events

  • Carnival (February): Enjoy parades, food, and music with a mix of Latin American inspirations and costumes.
  • Museum Days (May): Over 40 museums open their doors for free, celebrating the country’s culture, history, and art.
  • Fête de la Musique (June 21): A day-long event featuring music across numerous venues in the city.
  • National Day (June 22): Celebrations include the traditional changing of the guard, fireworks, and festivities.
  • Medieval Festival (June and July): Experience medieval times with musicians, blacksmiths, acrobats, knights, and merchants.
  • Summer in the City (June to September): Free concerts, street art, an open-air cinema, and markets.
  • Luxembourg Art Week (November): An art fair showcasing cutting-edge art, sculptures, and installations.
  • Winterlights Festival (December): The city is lit up with Christmas markets, a funfair, Ferris wheels, ice skating, and more.

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Hi there! I'm Mayi. Welcome to my blog SecretMoona! I hope to share with you the hidden secret of places I visit.

7 thoughts on “Discover the Best Things to Do in Luxembourg City

  1. I’ve visited Luxembourg many times for work. Though I had time to do some exploring, it seems from your post that I missed a few spots that would be great to return to.

  2. This post is so timely. We are planning some time in Belgium in the Fall and were considering visiting Luxembourg from there. We thought about just a day trip but your post shows we really need to consider 2 days with an overnight stay. Keeping this post for our detailed planning. Thanks!

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